Grand Plaza, Chichen-Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, 2008

Chichén-Itza is is one of most important holly centers of Mayan civilization. Etymology of the word "mouth of the well of the itza" is emphasizing its significance. Without the ground level rivers, wells [cenotes], two large ones are situated here, are really making the difference. Origin of Itza people is also questionable but local guide [of mixed Maya origin] is translating the word as "Itz-ha" people from the water and he is sure that they are from the coastal areas of Yucatan peninsula.

City was set-up as a capital around 970 ad, but much earlier structures are found on the south plaza of the city.

This grand plaza is heart of Chichén-Itza. It is bordered by temple of warriors, tomb of chacmool, two temples of jaguars, one on top of the other, magnificent raw of pillars covered with bass-releif that was leading to the covered market and a most significant structure in the Chichén-Itza "casillo". This pyramid is dedicated to Kukulcan [simple translation of the term quetzalcoatl - plumed serpant]. This according to the Maya experts is proof that Toltecs influenced the city in this period. Kukulcan pyramid itself is actually Mayan calendar. There are 91 steps on each side and with one step on the top that represent 365 days.
Other elements are also symbolizing various elements of the calendar. Very little imagination is needed to see how brightly coloured buildings and attractive and very decorative costumes of Maya people in the past transformed this public space to the spectacular, ceremonial, holly, place.

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sociability
8
ceremonial
x
uses & activities
8
religious
x
access & linkages
8
social
x
comfort
10
residential
x
image
10
court yard
x
tourist value
10
with park
x
total
54
street, shopping
x
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urban squares initiative by aleksandar janicijevic is licensed under a creative commons attribution-share alike 2.5 canada license.

Last time updated on Saturday, January 31, 2015, 3:03 PM