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Grand Plaza, Chichen-Itza, Yucatan, Mexico, 2008[open in full screen]  

 
  Previous Plaza Sur, ek'Balam, Jucatan, Mexico

Chichén-Itza is is one of most important holly centres of Mayan civilization. Etymology of the word "mouth of the well of the itza" is emphasizing its significance. Without the ground level rivers, wells [cenotes], two large ones are situated here, are really making the difference.

Origin of Itza people is also questionable but local guide [of mixed Maya origin] is translating the word as "Itz-ha" people from the water and he is sure that they are from the coastal areas of Yucatan peninsula. City was set-up as a capital around 970 ad, but much earlier structures are found on the south plaza of the city.

  This grand plaza is heart of Chichén-Itza. It is bordered by temple of warriors, tomb of chacmool, two temples of jaguars, one on top of the other, magnificent raw of pillars covered with bass-releif that was leading to the covered market and a most significant structure in the Chichén-Itza "casillo" [photo bellow left]. This pyramid is dedicated to Kukulcan [simple translation of the term quetzalcoatl - plumed serpent].

According to the Maya experts this is proof that Toltecs influenced the city in this period. Kukulcan pyramid itself is actually Mayan calendar. There are 91 steps on each side and with one step on the top that represent 365 days.

  Other elements are also symbolizing various elements of the calendar.

Very little imagination is needed to see how brightly coloured buildings and attractive and very decorative costumes of Maya people in the past transformed this public space to the spectacular, ceremonial, holly, place.

Next Plaza Sur, Chichen-Itza, Yucatan, Mexico

 
           
   
more about
evaluation method
more about
types of squares
sociability
9
ceremonial
x
uses & activities
8
religious
x
access & linkages
10
social
x
comfort
8
residential
x
image
10
courtyard
x
tourist value
10
with park
x
total
55
street, shopping
x
 
         
       
           
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Last time updated on December 25, 2017